Vitamin D is a vitamin that quite often we hear as well as vitamin A and vitamin C. It is not without reason given vitamin D has an important role in maintaining the body’s health to prevent diseases such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis (multiple sclerosis), heart disease, depression, and even cancer. Researchers generally have high expectations of the role of vitamin D for the body, in which the vitamin is fairly easy to obtain as in foods, supplements, and sunlight. Check out the review over the following.
Vitamin D Improves Bone Health
Vitamin D is essential for keeping bones strong, ranging from infants to grandparents. This vitamin helps the body to absorb calcium from food. In older adults, a daily dose of vitamin D and calcium can help prevent brittle bones and fractures. Children need vitamin D to help strengthen bones and prevent rickets (softening of the bones and causes bowed legs in children).
Vitamin D and Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) or multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory form of disorder that occurs in the spinal cord and brain. Multiple sclerosis often occurs in people who live in areas that are less illuminated sunlight. For years, experts suspect a link between sunlight, vitamin D levels in the body, and autoimmune disorders that damage the nerves. One new clue came from a study that found an association between a rare gene defect with low vitamin D in the body and a higher risk for experiencing Multiple Sclerosis.
Vitamin D and Diabetes
Several studies have shown an association between low levels of vitamin D with type 2 diabetes. In addition, low levels of vitamin D in pregnant women with gestational diabetes are also related. However, the experts do not have enough evidence whether increasing vitamin D levels can prevent diabetes. Clearly, low levels of vitamin D associated with the risk for developing diabetes.
Vitamin D and Colon Cancer
It is too soon to conclude that vitamin D can fight cancer overall. But new research suggests that people with high levels of vitamin D in their blood are known to have a lower risk for colon cancer.
Vitamin D and Heart Disease
Low levels of vitamin D in the body have been associated with a greater risk for heart attack, stroke, and heart disease. But it is not yet certain is whether to increase the intake of vitamin D may reduce the risks of the disease.
Vitamin D and Dementia
Parents are more likely to have vitamin D levels that are too low. The researchers found that older people with vitamin D deficiency performed poorly on tests of memory, attention, and reasoning compared to other parents who have sufficient levels of vitamin D in their blood. However, further research is needed to determine whether vitamin D supplements can prevent or slow the mental decline of dementia.
Vitamin D and Weight Loss
Research has shown that people who are obese often have low vitamin D levels. Body fat can snare (trap) of vitamin D, clarify why the lack of this vitamin in the body of people who are overweight. A small study showed that adding vitamin D intake in the diet can help facilitate people who are overweight to lose weight.
Vitamin D and Depression
Vitamin D plays a role in brain development and function. A promising research has shown that high doses of vitamin D can reduce the symptoms of mild depression, while other studies show mixed results.
Vitamin D from Sunlight
When skin is exposed to sun exposure, your body will naturally produce vitamin D. It is the main source of vitamin D. White people may be quite ‘sunbathing’ for 5-10 minutes several times a week. However, in the elderly and people whose skin is dark, should not be too long to be exposed to sun exposure. Experts recommend relying on them for food and supplements. And for those who are outdoors, you should use a sun block to avoid skin cancer.
Vitamin D from foods
Many foods that are rich in vitamin D, such as fish such as salmon, swordfish, or mackerel. Other fatty fish such as tuna and sardines also offer vitamin D, but the number is lower. In addition, vitamin D can also be found in egg yolks, beef liver, cereals, and milk. Choose foods for your breakfast wisely so that you can also get a large intake of vitamin D. Cow’s milk, soy milk, orange juice, cereal, bread, and yogurt are good sources of vitamin D that you can consume as breakfast. You can also get vitamin D intake by taking supplements.
Someone Factors Contributing to Vitamin D Deficiency
There are several factors that cause you lack of vitamin D, some of which are :
Aged 50 years or more.
Live in areas that rarely get sunlight.
Overweight, obesity, gastric bypass surgery.
Milk allergy or lactose intolerance.
Liver or gastrointestinal disease, such as Crohn’s disease or celiac.
Symptoms of Vitamin D Deficiency
Most people with low vitamin D levels generally do not have specific symptoms. But in adults, vitamin D deficiency can lead to severe softening of the bones, usually called osteomalacia. These symptoms include bone pain and muscle weakness. In children, severe vitamin D deficiency can cause rickets, soft bones symptoms, and problems with bone skeleton.
Vitamin D Needs Appropriate Recommendations
The amount of vitamin D the body needs depends on age and risk factors. The Institute of Medicine recommends that intake recommendation for vitamin D is 600 IU (International Units) per day in adults. Whereas in those aged 71 years or more, then the increased requirement which is 800 IU per day. Maximum intake of vitamin D that the body is still tolerable for adults is 4000 IU. For children, the recommended requirement of vitamin D per day is 400 IU to 600 IU. Furthermore, consult with their child’s doctor about the need for additional intake of vitamin D.
Excess intake of Vitamin D
Excessive levels of vitamin D in the body can increase the levels of calcium in your blood. This can cause damage to blood vessels, heart, and kidneys. Therefore, Instute of Medicine set a tolerance limit of vitamin D is 4000 IU per day.
Drugs That Interact With Vitamin D
Some medications can cause your body to absorb vitamin D. difficulty The drugs in question are like laxatives, steroids, anti -seizure drugs and anti-cholesterol. If you are taking digoxin, a heart medication, too much vitamin D can increase calcium levels in the blood and can also cause abnormal heart rhythms. Therefore, it is important to consult with your doctor about the use of vitamin D supplements.